Category Archives: Research

Chinese higher education students drive non-EU enrolments since 2010

I am quite excited as my research briefing about the impact of non-EU higher education students on UK’s economy was published today by Oxford based The Migration Observatory. International higher education students make economic and other less quantifiable contributions such as producing research output. I analysed previously published studies and HESA data to identify incoming student trends over the years.

Key findings:

  • The number of non-EU students enrolled in higher education in the UK more than tripled between 1994-95 and 2014-15, from 98,000 to 312,000.
  • Growth in non-EU student enrolments since 2010 has been driven primarily by Chinese students, while the number of Indian students has decreased.
  • Growth in non-EU student enrolments since 2010 has been driven primarily by Chinese students, while the number of Indian students has decreased.
  • Non-EU students generated up to £7.2 billion per year in export revenues in the 2011-2012 period, although estimates vary. Tuition fee income from non-EU students has grown over the past decade and made up over 12.7% of the total income of UK HE providers in the 2014-15 academic year.
  • Limited available evidence suggests that non-EEA students are likely to make lower-than-average use of public services like health and education; there is less evidence on their impacts on transport congestion, the housing market and labour market.

Full briefing can be found here



Immigration Detention in the UK

This briefing provides an overview of immigration detention in the UK. It discusses the size of the UK’s detention facilities, the number of detainees, the average duration of detention, and the detention of children.

Full briefing can be found here: Detention Briefing

Shortage of Skilled Workers: A Paradox of the Indian Economy

As a country endowed with labour, India’s situation is at best ironic. On the one hand,domestic economic growth has created huge employment demand and job opportunities, while on the other, a shortage of skills is making more people unemployable. What adds to the irony is that there are 17 central government ministries that offer skill development initiatives through school education, institutes of higher learning and specialised vocational training institutes. The large size of the population alone cannot be India’s problem since China, with a similar scale of population and training structure, has better labour productivity (indicating higher skills). This paper argues that India lacks sufficient skilled workers as its existing vocational training system does not target the casual or informal workforce, which constitutes over 90 per cent of India’s working population. This paper examines the vocational training offered for specific skills in construction and highlights the lack of inclusiveness and poor coordination in the complex federal government structure.

Full paper can be found here :